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Sin and forgiveness
Healing and gratitude
Luke Chapter 17
Return of the Son of Man
Right attitude toward serving God
Luke Chapter 17 discussion questions

Luke Chapter 17

Sin and forgiveness

But Jesus said to his disciples, “It is impossible to avoid people who lead others into sin, but how terrible it will be for those people. It would be better [for those people] if a millstone were tied around their neck and they were thrown into the sea, than [the punishment they will receive at the judgment] if they cause even one of the little ones to sin. [While “little ones” expressly means children, it also includes anyone with less experience in life who is listening to a more experienced person or leader.]

“Yet watch out for yourselves! [Even though sin is terrible and has a corresponding penalty, be careful how you look at someone who makes a mistake.] If someone sins against you, then correct him, but if he changes his ways, forgive him. And even if he sins against you as many as seven times in a day, and seven times he turns to you and repents, then forgive him each time.”

And the apostles said to the Lord, “Increase our faith [so we can carry out your instructions].” Jesus said to them, “If you had faith like a mustard seed, you could say to this sycamine tree, uproot yourself and be planted in the sea, and it would obey you! [The heart of faith is not how much of it you have but acting on it!] [Sycamine trees are large, deep-rooted trees found throughout the Middle East, similar to a mulberry or fig tree but with bitter fruit, so Jesus’ reference indicated a decision to use faith to remove deep roots of bitterness.]

Right attitude toward serving God

[Here’s an example of the kind of attitude God expects.] Which of you, when your servant comes in from working the field or tending the sheep, says to him, ‘Go, relax, and have your dinner’? Wouldn't you say instead, ‘Go and prepare my dinner, get ready for service and wait on me, and after I have had my food and drink, go and eat yourself’? You don't thank the servant for doing his duty. 10 You also, when you have done everything you were commanded, should say, ‘We have done nothing special - we have only done what was expected!’ [Don't think all these things I'm telling you to do are too difficult, or that you are anything special when you do them - these are the basic things that any believer must do!]

Healing and gratitude

11 As Jesus continued toward Jerusalem, he passed between Samaria and Galilee. 12 As Jesus entered a certain village, he encountered ten lepers, who stood together at a distance [as required by the Law so no one would catch their disease]. 13 And they lifted their voices, saying, “Jesus, Master, have mercy on us!” 14 And he said to them, “Go present yourselves to the priests [so they can examine you and declare you healed].” [Rather than touching them to heal them, Jesus activated their faith. They would not have left Jesus if they did not believe they would receive the healing.] As they went, they were cleansed [of their leprosy].

15 And one of them, when he saw that he had been cured, returned, and cried out with a loud voice, glorifying God, 16 and he fell at the feet of Jesus, giving thanks. This man was a Samaritan. [A Samaritan might not have been accepted by a Jewish priest. Regardless, the man considered gratitude to be much more important than being able to go back to his former life.]

17 And Jesus said, “Were not ten cleansed of their leprosy? And yet where are the other nine? 18 Was no one else found to return and give glory to God except this foreigner?” [Any or all of them could have come back to thank Jesus before or after going to the priests. Our attitude toward what God has done for us wets the stage for how much more God can do for us, and how we will live our lives.] 19 And Jesus said to him, “Get up and go your way. Your faith has healed you! [You had faith in me, and your faith resulted in your healing. But it was also faith when you returned to give thanks, and that is part of your wholeness.]

Return of the Son of Man

20 Just then, the Pharisees asked him, “When will the kingdom of God come?” [They were trying to catch him talking about his future kingship since they had heard he was claiming to be the Anointed One, not recognizing that every miracle was a sign of the kingdom already having come.] And Jesus replied, “The kingdom isn't coming with external show and announcements of ‘Here it is’ or ‘There!’ The kingdom of God is already in the midst of you. [Wherever I go, I bring the kingdom.]

22 Jesus said to the disciples, “There are days coming when you will wish to see one of the days of the Son of Man, but you won't see it. [You will remember our time together fondly and be looking forward to the time of my return.] 23 People will indeed say [in coming days], ‘Look over there’ or ‘Look here,’ but don't follow. 24 For when my day [of return] comes, it will be like lightning that appears in one part of the sky but lights up all the sky. [You won't be able to miss it.]

25 “But before these things can happen, the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation. [The time of rejection must precede the time of return and triumph.]

26 “Just as it was in the time of Noah, so it will be in the time of the Son of Man[, when I return]. 27 In those days, people were eating and drinking, men were taking wives, and women were being given in marriage, right up to the day Noah entered the ark, and the flood came and destroyed all [Genesis 6-9]. 28 Likewise, in the time of Lot, people were eating and drinking, buying and selling goods, planting crops, and building buildings. 29 But the same day Lot departed, fire and sulphur rained down and destroyed all who remained [Genesis 19].

30 “It will be just like this on the day the Son of Man is revealed[, when he suddenly returns like lightning in the sky]. 31 In that day, if someone is on his roof and all his possessions are in the house, he must not go down to get them. Or if someone is in the field, he shouldn't return home. 32 Remember Lot's wife [who turned into a pillar of salt for ignoring the warning to not turn back (Genesis 19:17-19,24-26)].

33 “For whoever tries to save his life will lose it and whoever is willing to lose his life will keep it. [When Jesus is suddenly revealed, don't try to keep your family, possessions, and earnings, or you will indeed lose everything, including your life. Wait for him where you are, and you will keep your life and all you need will be preserved.] 34 On that night, if two are in bed, one will be taken and one left. 35 If two are grinding grain, one will be taken and one left.

[This seems to be referring to the angels gathering the believers at the return of the Lord. The other alternative is the Romans coming, but they would not take one and leave one, as they were reported to be merciless in the overthrow of Israel in 70 AD.  Luke reports more of what Jesus said about the coming judgment of Israel and his Second Coming in Luke 21.]

37 The disciples responded, saying “Where [will all this take place], Lord?” Jesus answered, “Where there is a body, the eagles will gather.” [This may refer to the Roman legions surrounding Jerusalem as the eagle is the symbol of Rome. It may also refer to the body of Christ at the point of the rapture, as angels can also be referred to as eagles.]

Discussion questions

1. What does Jesus say that makes clear that God cares about sin? What does he then say about the attitude he wants us to have towards the person who commits sin?

2. Why do you think the Samaritan leper returned to give Jesus and God thanks? Why do you think the other nine didn’t? And why is Jesus disappointed that the others didn’t? What difference does it make in our life when we take the time and trouble to thank God for the way he has blessed us?

3. There is much controversy about whether Jesus in verses 20-37 is referring to his return in judgment of the Jewish nation in 70 AD or the Final Judgment at his Second Coming. What do you think is the relevance of this passage to the time in which you live?

Luke Chapter 18

Luke Chapter 18

Intercession for God’s justice

And Jesus told them this story so men might always pray rather than being discouraged [that the Lord has not returned to complete his kingdom]. He said, “There was a certain city judge who neither feared God nor cared what men thought. And there was a widow in that city who came before him and said, ‘Give me legal justice against my enemy.’ For awhile he ignored her request, but afterwards he said, ‘Even though I neither fear God nor care what men think, still that woman will keep coming and tormenting me, so I will give her a legal judgment against her enemy.’”

And the Lord said, “You hear what the unrighteous judge says. And will not God bring justice to his chosen ones, who cry out to him day and night, even though [it may seem] he waits a long time [to answer]? I tell you, he will bring them [complete] justice quickly [enough]. But when the Son of Man comes [to bring justice to the whole earth], will he find faith on the earth? [How many will he find persevering in prayer, believing that he will faithfully answer? Jesus is encouraging us to believe that God is willing to make a judicial decree on our behalf to change our circumstances. When we or those around us are suffering from ongoing harassment or injustice, if we will persevere in appealing to God, he will answer our requests.  This is called "appealing to the courts of Heaven".]

Humbling yourself to be lifted up

And he told another story for those who were sure they themselves were righteous but looked down on everyone else, 10 “Two men went up to the Temple to pray - one of them was a Pharisee, the other a tax collector. 11 The Pharisee stood by himself and prayed like this, ‘I thank you, God, that I am not like other men - bandits, sinful men, adulterers, or even people like this tax collector. 12 I fast twice a week, and I pay a tenth of all I own.’ 13 And the tax collector, standing a distance away, would not even lift his eyes towards heaven, but smacked himself in the chest, saying, ‘God, be merciful to me, a sinner!’ 14 I tell you, this is the man who returned to his house counted as righteous, not the first man. For whoever lifts himself up will be brought low, but he who makes himself low will be lifted up. [If you acknowledge your sin, God will forgive you, but if you ignore your own sinfulness, God will hold you accountable.]

Receiving like little children

15 At this point, they were bringing little babies to him so that he might touch [and bless] them, but the disciples prevented them. 16 But Jesus called them to come back, saying, “Let the little children come to me and don't keep them away, for the kingdom of God belongs to those who are just like them. 17 I tell you the truth, unless you receive the kingdom of God just like one of these little children, you will never enter it. [They see and believe with no trouble, and never reason away the amazing things God wants to do.]

Obstacle of riches

18 A certain important person came to him, and asked him, “Good teacher, what do I need to do to inherit eternal life?” 19 And Jesus replied to him, “Why do you call me good? There is only one who is good, and that is God. 20 You know the commandments, ‘Do not commit adultery, do not kill, do not steal, do not lie, honor your father and mother.’” 21 And the man said, “I've obeyed all these since my youth.” 22 Jesus replied to him, “But there is one thing you haven’t done. Sell all your possessions, and distribute the money to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come and follow me as my disciple.”

23 And at this, the man was very sad for he was extremely rich. [Jesus saw that the man equated ‘good’ as one more thing to obtain but was not willing to move from 'owning' to 'relationship'.] 24 Jesus, seeing his response, was also very sad, and said, “How difficult it is for those who are rich to enter the Kingdom of God. 25 It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God [because it’s hard for a rich man to desire God’s kingdom when they have so much of earth’s kingdom].” 26 Those who were listening said, “Then who can be saved? [If rich and influential men who appear to be blessed by God can't achieve eternal life, who can?]27 Jesus answered, “Things that are impossible for men are possible for God. [Men really can do nothing to earn their own salvation, but only God himself can grant it when we seek it.]

28 But Peter said, “But see, we have given up everything and come to be your disciples.” 29 And Jesus said, “Anyone who has left their home, brothers, wife, parents, and children for the sake of [pursuing] the kingdom of God, 30 will gain many times over [what he gave up] even in this life, and afterwards receive eternal life.”

Prediction of the crucifixion

[Continuing to teach what must be given up for the sake of the Kingdom,] 31 Jesus took his disciples aside and told them, “We are heading for Jerusalem, where everything will be fulfilled that the prophets have written concerning the Son of Man. 32 For he will be turned over to the non-Jews, who will make fun of him, insult him, and spit on him, 33 and he will be whipped, and put to death, and he will rise again on the third day.” 34 But the disciples didn't get what he was talking about - the whole thing was hidden from them - they didn't understand any of it. [The concept of the Anointed One suffering and dying was so foreign to them, it didn't make any sense to them at all.]

Healing the blind beggar

35 After this, as they neared Jericho, there was a blind man begging by the side of the road. 36 Hearing the crowd going past, he asked what was going on, 37 and they told him that Jesus of Nazareth was coming that way. 38 And he cried out, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” 39 Those at the front commanded him to shut up, but he cried out all the louder, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” 40 And Jesus stopped and commanded the man be brought to him. When he got there, Jesus said to him, 41 “What do you want me to do [for you]?” The man said, “That I might receive sight,” 42 and Jesus said, “Receive your sight! Your faith has made you whole.” 43 And immediately he received his sight, and he followed him, giving glory to God. And the people, when they saw it, gave praise to God.

Discussion questions

1. To what degree do you believe God is testing his people as they persevere in prayer? What is the value of waiting?

2. Are you a rich person? Is your following God in second place to your taking care of what you possess? Do you want to change? Jesus said that “what is impossible for man is possible with God”.

3. The blind man is one more example of perseverance. Do you have things that need to be healed or changed, but you are reluctant to bring attention to yourself or afraid of being disappointed?

Intercession for God's justice
Prediction of he crucifixion
Healing the blind beggar
Luke Chapter 18 discussion questions
Obstacle of riches
Receiving like little children
Humbling yourself to be lifted up
Luke Chapter 19
Repentance of a rich man
Handling God's investment
Jerusalem's judgment
Cleansing the Temple
Luke Chapter 19 discussion questions
Triumphal entrance to Jerusalem

Luke Chapter 19

Repentance of a rich man

And Jesus entered Jericho to pass through it [on the way to Jerusalem]. There was a man named Zacchaeus who was a chief tax collector, and he was rich. He was trying to see who this Jesus was [of whom he had heard so much] but could not because of the crowd and Zacchaeus was of such small size. So he ran in front of the crowd and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see better, since the crowd was headed that way. When Jesus arrived at that place, he looked up and said, “Zacchaeus, hurry and come down, for I must stay with you this day. [I have received orders from my Father].”

So Zacchaeus did hurry and come down, and he was joyful to entertain Jesus at his house. And when the people saw that, they grumbled and said, “Look, he has gone to stay with a sinner.” [How amazing that someone others would judge to be so far from God was actually so ready to give his life to God!] And Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, “Look, I am giving half of my possessions to the poor, and if I have gotten money from anyone dishonestly, I will pay them back four times what I took.” And Jesus said to him, “Today, salvation has come to this household, since this man is also a son of Abraham [and has shown himself so by his receiving of me and by his faithful actions]. 10 For the Son of Man came to seek and save those that were lost [and heading for destruction].”

Handling God’s investment

11 As they were listening to all Jesus said, nearing Jerusalem, he added this story, because they were expecting that God's kingdom was about to appear [when he reached Jerusalem]. 12 He said, “There was a man of noble birth who went away to a far land to receive a kingdom and then he would return [to rule]. 13 He called his ten servants to him and gave them each a coin [worth about three month’s wages] and told them, ‘Use this to conduct business [and make money] until I come back.’ 14 But the inhabitants of the land hated him and even sent a letter to where he was going saying, ‘We don't want this man to rule us.’

15 “So when the man returned, having received his authority to rule this kingdom, he called for the servants to come so he could see how much money they had earned through their businesses. 16 The first servant told him, ‘Master, look, I have used the coin you gave me to earn ten more.’ 17 The master replied, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant. Because you have been faithful with a small amount, I will give you authority to rule over ten cities.’ 18 And the second servant came and said, ‘Your coin has earned five more.’ 19And the master said, ‘Well done. I want you to rule over five cities.’

20 “And the other one came and said, ‘Look, here is the coin you gave me. I have kept it saved up in this cloth. 21 You are a demanding man who takes what you did not invest and reaps when you did not sow. [I didn't want to make money that you would just take from me.] 22 The master replied, ‘You evil servant. I will judge you based on what you yourself have said. You knew that I was a demanding man, taking what I did not invest, and reaping what I did not sow. 23 Why didn't you at least put the money in a bank, so that when I returned I would gain the money back with interest?’

24 “And turning to the other servants who were standing by, he said, ‘Take from him the one coin and give it to the one who earned ten coins.’ 25 ‘But Master,’ they said, ‘that man already has ten coins!’ 26 He replied, ‘Those that have shall receive more, but to those who have not, even what they have will be taken away.’ [I will invest more in those who are working the most to increase my kingdom, and for those who don't even care about me and my kingdom, I will remove what I originally invested in them.] 27 As for those enemies who didn't even want me to rule over them, bring them in front of me and execute them!’” 

[The fullness of the kingdom will be when Jesus returns to rule over the whole earth. There is a purpose for the intervening time. For those who follow him, from the time we believe, we each have been given our salvation, with the same authority and commission to make disciples through our personal witness. Our witness brings other souls into the kingdom, thus multiplying the master’s investment in us. Our diligence in sharing the kingdom is what will determine our assignment in the millennial kingdom in helping Jesus to rule. Those who never share their witness will likewise forfeit their authority to rule in Jesus’ kingdom. Those who resisted Jesus’ rule altogether will never become part of his kingdom.]

Triumphal entrance to Jerusalem

28 After he said these things, he departed, walking in front of the disciples, climbing up towards Jerusalem. [Jericho is below sea level but Jerusalem is in the hills, a steep climb of 3400 feet in about seventeen miles.] 29 And when he got near to Bethphage and Bethany, at the hill called Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples, 30 and told them, “Go into the village directly across from here, and as you enter, you will see a young donkey tied up, never ridden before by any man. Untie the donkey and bring it here. 31 If anyone asked you why you are taking the donkey, simply tell them, ‘The Lord needs it.’”

32 So, following his directions, they went and found the young donkey, just as he had told them. 33 As they were untying the donkey, the owners asked, “Why are you taking it,” 34 and they replied, “The Lord has need of it.” [This was either a prearranged signal for the supporter of Jesus who owned the donkey, or the Father had shown Jesus that there was a man waiting for the Anointed One to come who was ready to help fulfill Zechariah’s prophecy.] 35 When they had brought the donkey to him, they all threw their cloaks on it [to make a comfortable saddle] and sat him on the donkey. [They all knew they were fulfilling prophecy. Zechariah 9:9 prophesied that the Anointed One would come triumphantly riding into Jerusalem.]

36 As he went, the people spread their garments along his path. 37 And when they reached the place where the road descends from the Mount of Olives, all his disciples began to shout and praise God in a loud voice, declaring all they had seen of his mighty works, and saying, 38 “Blessed is the king, who comes in the name of the Lord. Peace in all the heavens and glory in the highest!” 39 And some of the Pharisees from the crowd said to him, “Teacher, restrain your disciples! [By praising you they are insulting God.]40 He answered them, “I tell you, if they were silent, the stones would have to cry out! [If people did not celebrate my kingship, then God himself would cause natural things to respond!]

Jerusalem’s judgment

41 And when Jesus was near enough to Jerusalem to look out over it, he wept, 42 saying, “How I wish that you recognized those things that would bring you peace, but as it is, they are hidden from you! 43 For the days are coming when your enemies will throw up battle ramps against you, and they will hem you in on every side. 44 They will level your walls and cast down your children to the earth, and not one stone will be left upon another, because you did not recognize the day when God was visiting you. [Your sin is bringing this punishment on you, but if you recognized who I am and accepted me, your sins would be washed away, and the punishment would not be necessary.]

Cleansing the Temple

45 And he entered the Temple and began to throw out those who bought and sold there, saying, “It is written in the scriptures, ‘My house will be a house of prayer’ [Isaiah 56:7], but, ‘You have made it into a den of thieves’ [Jeremiah 7:11].” [A house of prayer is a place where the people seek the will of God and ask for it to come on earth, but a den of thieves is where anti-God forces plan their next outrageous action and believe they are safe from being caught. He is not talking only about money-changers but the whole exploitative religious system which brought its leaders money and power.] And he taught daily in the Temple, but the chief priests and the scribes, and some of the leaders of the people looked for a way to kill him [because he was threatening their authority]. But they saw nothing they could do, since the people hung on every word that he said.

Discussion questions

1. Jesus makes two primary points about prayer. One is that persistence is rewarded. The other is that God desires to give us what we need and ask for. If God desires to give us what we ask for, why then is persistence required? Why did he warn them they needed to be more excited about their salvation than about their authority over demons?

2. Why were the people always looking for more proof that Jesus was from God, and so ready to believe that he was empowered by the enemy instead? Why are those resistant to belief in danger of being judged at the Judgment Day?

3. Why did Jesus say the generation of religious leaders who were resisting him would bear the judgment for the sins of many generations?

Luke Chapter 20

Luke Chapter 20

Story of the vineyard tenants

Then, one of the days that Jesus was preaching in the Temple and proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, he was approached by the chief priests and experts in the Law, who were supported by the elders of the people. They said to him, “Tell us what gives you the authority to do these things[, such as clearing the Temple and preaching here daily], or who gave you this authority [to do these things. We are the authority here.]Jesus replied, saying, “I will also ask you one question for you to answer - John's baptism, did it come from God or only from men? [Where did his authority come from?]”

Story of the vineyard tenants

They talked it over, saying to each other, “If we say it was from heaven, then he'll say, ‘Then why didn't you believe him?’ But if we say it was from men, the people will stone us, because they are convinced John was a prophet.” So they told him they didn't know which was true. Jesus replied, “Then neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things. [If you had any regard for the truth, you would see that the answer for the source of John's authority is the same as the answer for mine.]

Then Jesus turned again to the people and began to tell them this story, “A man planted a vineyard that he leased to some tenant farmers to work it, and then he went away to another country for a long time. 10 At the right time, the owner sent a servant to collect some of the vineyard's product, but the tenant farmers beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 11 Then he sent another servant and they also beat him, treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed too. 12 And he sent a third servant and they beat him to the point of injury and threw him out.

13 “Then the lord of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I know, I will send my beloved son. Perhaps they will show him respect.’ 12 But the tenant farmers said among themselves, ‘Look, this man is the heir. Let's kill him, and perhaps his inheritance will become ours.15 So they chased him out of the vineyard and they killed him. What then will the lord of the vineyard do to those men? 16 He will come and destroy those tenant farmers and give the vineyard to others.” Those listening said, “God forbid! [May such a tragedy never happen!]

17 He turned and looked at them and said, [If you don’t get that this story is about you rejecting me as the rightful heir,] then what do you think is the meaning of the scriptures, ‘The stone that the builders rejected has become the chief capstone. 18 Whoever falls on that stone shall be broken to pieces’ [Isaiah 8:14-15], but ‘whomever the stone falls upon, will be ground to dust’ [Daniel 2:34-45]?” [They will indeed reject the very one who is to be the highest expression of their faith but, like the tenant farmers in Jesus’ story, they will not survive the encounter.] 19 The experts in the Law and the chief priests wanted to get their hands on him that very hour, except they feared the people, for they had understood that he had told this story against them.

Jewish leaders' traps for Jesus

20 Watching for an opportunity, the Jewish leaders sent spies posing as sincere men, hoping to catch him by his words. [Perhaps he would make some claim or say something controversial] that would allow them to turn him over to the authority and power of the [Roman] governor. 21 And they asked him a question, "Master, we know that you speak straight without worrying about what any person thinks, but always teach the truth. 22 Is it right for us to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?"

Jewish leaders' traps for Jesus

23 But perceiving their trickery, he said to them, 24 “Show me a denarius. Whose picture and inscription does it have on it?” They answered, “Caesar.” 25 He responded, “Then, give to Caesar what belongs to him and give to God what is God's.” 26 So they couldn’t catch him in front of all the people. In fact, they were amazed at his answer, which shut them up.

27 Then, a group of the Sadducees came to test him. The Sadducees deny there is any resurrection [from the dead]. 28 They posed him a question, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote that if a man's brother died, and he was married at the time of his death but had no children, the man must marry his brother's wife, and produce children for her in his brother's name [Deuteronomy 25:5-6].

29 [Well, in this case,] the man was one of seven brothers, and the first one took the wife [as his own], but he died with no children. 30 And the second man married the woman and died. 31 And the third brother took her in, and the same thing happened, and each in turn, until all seven had married, and died, leaving her childless. 32 Lastly, the woman herself died. 33 In the resurrection, whose wife will she be, since all seven had her as wife? [With theological issues like this, how can you believe there will really be a resurrection?]

34 He answered, “It is only the children of this age [in our lives on the earth] that marry and are given in marriage. 35 But those who are worthy to attain to the next age and the resurrection from the dead no longer marry or are given in marriage, 36 nor can they die, for they are like the angels, sons of God, since they are sons through the resurrection.

37 “But now, as to whether the dead are raised, Moses demonstrated [the truth of] this even at the burning bush, when he called the Lord, ‘The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, the God of Jacob’ [Exodus 3:1-6]. 38 For he is not God of the dead, but of the living, for all are alive to him [for they are in his presence].” 39 Some of the scribes who were there responded, "Teacher, well said." [Jesus spoke as one who knew what it was like in heaven.] 40 After that, no one dared to ask him anything!

The Anointed One as Lord

41 But now he [turned the tables and asked them a question, and] said, “How is it that they say that the Anointed One is David's son, 42 since David himself in the Book of Psalms [Psalms 110:1], says, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand 43 until I make your enemies into your footstool.”’ 44 Since David called him ‘Lord,’ then how is [the Anointed One] his son? [Don't you realize that I am the Anointed One, and that though I am the son of David since I am descended from him through my mother, I am also God himself who came from heaven and will return to heaven to sit at my Father's right hand?]

The Anointed One as Lord

45 Then in the hearing of all the people, he said to his disciples, 46 “Watch out for the [hypocrisy of the] teachers of the Law, who love to walk about in long [dignified] robes, [be recognized and] receive greetings in the marketplace, sit in the front row at the synagogue, and have the place of honor at feasts, 47 but who are devouring widows' houses while making of a show of praying long prayers. [They have schemes to get a hold of people's money even though they appear to be devout].”

Discussion questions

1. Jesus almost never directly said who and what he was. Yet, in some of his later stories, he seems to more directly describe who he is. How does he describe himself in the story of the tenant farmers?

Luke Chapter 20 discussion questions

2. Capstones are the final stone in a building that completes it and proves it is built right in order for it to fit in its rightful place. How is Jesus the capstone if the building is the assembly of God’s followers? Why is it that people either trip on the stone or the stone falls on them, prior to it being put in place?

3. If the religious leaders are set on making use of other people’s money, are they enemies of Jesus? How will the Father turn them into the footstool for Jesus?

Luke Chapter 21

Luke Chapter 21

Poor widow’s offering

Looking up, Jesus noticed the rich people dropping their gifts into the Temple collection boxes, and he also saw a poor widow putting in two small coins at the same location. He said to the people, “Truly, this poor widow has made a greater contribution than all the others, for they gave their gifts out of their abundance [so there was no risk to their living well] but, even though she is poor, she has given all she had to live on.”

Signs of coming destruction of the Temple

5 [Since Jesus had drawn attention to the Temple,] some of the people were talking about the beautiful stones of the Temple and how the gifts were used to provide the decorations on the walls. But he said to them, “The stones you are looking at? There is a time coming when not one stone of the Temple will be left on top of another! They will all be thrown down!” And they asked him, “Teacher, when will this happen, and what will be the sign this is about to take place?”

And he replied, “Watch out so you aren't led astray, for many will come in my name and say they are me [returning] and that the time [of the end] is drawing near. Don't go after them. And, whenever you hear about wars and revolts, don't be afraid, for these things always happen, but they don't mean the end is near. 10 [In the future,] nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. 11 There will be great earthquakes, and famines and plagues in various places. And there will be terrifying events and great signs in the skies.

12 “But before all these things take place, they will arrest you and persecute you and turn you over to the synagogue authorities and put you in prison. You will be on trial before kings and rulers because of my name. 13 This will require you to testify [about why you are following me]. 14 Decide in advance that you will not plan what to say, 15 for I will give you words and wisdom so [powerful] that your opponents will not be able to stand or argue against you.

16 “You will even be betrayed by [those closest to you -] your parents, brothers, family, and friends, and some of you will be put to death. 17 And you will be hated by all men because of my name. 18 But not a hair of your head will be lost. 19 By patiently enduring all of this, you will gain your lives. [Even though you die, you will live, and in the life to come you will not lose any capability that you have today and have much more besides.]

20 “And when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then you will know that the time of its devastation is near. 21 May those who are in Judea [the area around Jerusalem] flee to the mountains. May those who are inside [Jerusalem], quickly get out, and those who are outside not enter in. 22 For these are the days of the vengeance [of God], which will fulfill all that is written [in the Scriptures, including Daniel 9:26, about the punishment of Jerusalem and Israel for rejecting their God and his ways],

23 “How terrible it will be for women who are pregnant or nursing their babies in that day! For there will be great distress throughout the land, as the people experience God's anger [for sin]. 24 They [who remain] will die by the edge of the sword, or they will be carried away [in exile] to the nations. And Jerusalem will be under the feet of the non-Jews, until the time in history of the non-Jews is complete. [Then the Jewish nation and Jerusalem shall rise again.]

Signs of Jesus’ second coming

[The closing stage of history for the whole earth will have some similarities to the fall of Jerusalem.] 25 There will be signs that occur among the sun, the moon, and the stars, and all over the earth great distress among the nations. And there will be great anxiety because of the roaring and tossing of the sea. 26 Men will be filled with fear and foreboding about what is coming upon the earth, since the heavenly powers [even the demonic hierarchy that has ruled over the earth] themselves will be shaken. 27 And then they shall see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. 28 When these things begin to happen, lift your heads up [in anticipation], for your rescue is near!”

29 Jesus then gave them this illustration, “Consider the fig tree among all the trees. 30 When you see its leaves beginning to bud, you know that summer is near. 31 So likewise when you see these things [I have just described] begin to happen, know that the kingdom of God [when I come to rule on the earth] is near. 32 In fact, the generation [then living] shall not pass until all of this occurs. 33 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away. [They will all be fulfilled.]

Discussion questions

1. At the end of the previous chapter, Jesus said that the religious leaders “devoured widows’ houses”. When Jesus sees the poor widow give her coins, is Jesus talking about what she will lose, or exclaiming over what she will gain because of her fullness of faith in giving?

2. Jesus makes very clear that in the times of persecution to come, some of them would be put to death, yet he says, “pray that you would be found worthy to escape all these things”. Is he referring to surviving them, or staying courageous no matter what comes?

3. In verse 24, Jesus refers to “the time of the history of the non-Jews being complete”. Do you believe that the birth of modern Israel in 1948 was the beginning of this being fulfilled, since so many of the exiles have returned? Then, do the verses that follow apply to a final time before Jesus’ return or is Jesus still talking about the events leading up to 70 AD?

34 “Watch out that your hearts not be weighed down by foolish living, drunkenness, or anxious cares, and then the day [of my return] will catch you unaware. 35 For it will come like a trap that is sprung on every single person on the earth. 36 Always keep watch, and ask God that you would be found worthy to escape all these things that will come to pass, and that you will remain standing before the Son of Man.”

37 Every day he was teaching in the Temple, and at night he was staying at the Mount of Olives. 38 And all the people got up early in the morning so they could hear him at the Temple.

Poor widow's offering
Signs of coming destruction of the Temple
Signs of Jesus' second coming
Luke Chapter 21 discussion questions
Luke Chapter 22

Luke Chapter 22

Judas’ betrayal agreement

It was nearly the time for the Feast of Unleavened Bread, also called the Passover. The teachers of the Law and the chief priests tried to figure out how they could kill Jesus, but they were afraid of the people.

Judas' betrayal agreement

Then Satan entered Judas, also called Iscariot, who was one of the twelve. [This could only happen because Judas had already engaged in evil thoughts disloyal to Jesus, but to the other disciples there must have been a clear difference in behavior in Judas after this point.] And Judas went off to speak with the chief priests and religious leaders about how he might deliver Jesus to them. And they were very happy and agreed to give him money. And he agreed and looked for an opportunity to turn Jesus over to them when the crowd wouldn't be around.

Preparation for Passover

Preparation for Passover

Then came the Day of the Unleavened Bread, when the Passover lamb must be killed. And he sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and prepare the Passover feast for us to eat.” And they said to him, “Where would you like us to prepare it?”

10 And he said to them, “Listen, when you go into the city, you will come upon a man carrying a jug of water. Follow him into the house he enters, 11 and tell the master of the house, ‘The teacher says to you, “Where is the guestroom where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?”’ 12 And he will show you a large, furnished room upstairs. Prepare the meal there.” 13 They went, and found it just as he said, and prepared the Passover there.

Establishment of Lord’s Supper

14 When it was time, he sat down for the feast, along with the twelve apostles. [They were already making the transition from being his followers to becoming his ‘sent out ones.’] 15 And he said to them, “I have greatly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I shall not eat another Passover until the Feast is completely fulfilled in the Kingdom of God.” [He became the Passover lamb when he died for us, which when the truth of it is received by anyone, delivers them from death. Though he is with us all the time, and especially with us at the celebration of this truth in the Lord's Supper, its complete fulfillment will be his return to the earth, where he will eat the Passover with us again.] 17 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, “Take this and each of you partake of it, for I tell you, 18 I will not drink of the fruit of the vine again until the Kingdom of God comes.”

Establishment of Lord's Supper

19 And he took bread and gave thanks, and broke it, giving it to them, and said, “This is my body which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me[, so that you can remember who I am and what I have done for you].” 20 Likewise, after supper he took the cup, and said, “This cup is the new covenant[, the promise to those who are willing to follow me,] in which my blood is poured out for you.” [In the old covenant, God promised to deliver from death all who placed the blood over the doorpost. In the new covenant, any who agree to follow Jesus, are receiving his death to bring them life, essentially placing his blood on the doorpost of their hearts.]

Betrayal, serving, and ruling

21 “But take notice, the hand of the one who betrays me is at the table with me. 22 For the Son of Man will die just as it has been determined [by the Father], but how terrible for the one who betrays him. 23 And they began to ask each other, which of them might do such a thing.

Betrayal, servng, nd ruling

24 This led to an argument about which one of them should be considered the greatest. 25 Jesus said to them, “Among the non-Jews, the rulers of the people command them [and they have to obey], but even so, the rulers are called ‘friends of the people’. 26 But not so with you. Instead, let the greatest become like the least, and the one who would command as one who would serve. 27 For who is [considered] greater, he who reclines to eat or he who serves? It's he who reclines, right? But I am among you as one who serves.

28 “You are the ones who have stuck with me through my time of testing. 29 I [therefore] assign to you, just as my father assigned to me, a place to rule. 30 You will sit at the [head] table with me [at the banquet] in my kingdom, and you will sit on thrones to judge the twelve tribes of Israel.

The coming test

31 “Simon, Simon, pay attention! Satan has received permission to sift you like wheat [to see if he can distract you from your faith in me]. 32 But I have prayed [that you would be strengthened so] your faith will not be erased [when you fall], so that when you are restored, you can strengthen your brothers[, for they too will be tested].” 33 And Peter said, “Lord, I am ready to go with you to prison or even to death.” 34 But Jesus replied to him, “I’m telling you, Peter, that before the rooster crows this day, you will deny three times you even know me.”

The coming test

35 And Jesus said to the disciples, “When I sent you out without a money purse, or a backpack for extra clothes, and without extra sandals, did you lack for anything?” And they answered him, “Nothing!” 36 And he said to them, “Now it is time for you to take a money purse and a backpack, and if you don't have a sword, sell your cloak and buy one. 37 For I tell you, this scripture about me [Isaiah 53:12] must be accomplished, ‘He was numbered among the lawless,’ for all things that are [written] about me must be fulfilled.” 38 And the disciples said to him, “Look, we have two swords already,” and he replied, “That will be plenty.” [They didn't need these things for provision and protection but only to fulfill what was written about him.]

39 He left the house and went to the usual place, the Mount of Olives, and his disciples followed him. 40 When he arrived there, he said to them, “Pray that you not fail the test.” [Jesus’ own test was going to test all of them to their limit.]

Jesus’ anguish

41 He withdrew from them about a stone's throw away, and he knelt down and prayed, saying, 42 “Father, take this cup [of suffering] from me. Yet not my own will but yours be done.” [The Father supernaturally placed on Jesus the sins of all men – he became sin and experienced the only separation from his Father that he had ever known. He took our place.] 43 An angel from heaven appeared to him and strengthened him. [Jesus must have told his disciples about this later, after his resurrection, since he was alone.] 44 And he was in such anguish that he prayed more intensely, and his sweat became like large drops of blood that fell to the ground.

Jesus' anguish

45 And when he rose from prayer, and went to his disciples, he found them having fallen asleep from their grief [about what he was going through and that they would be losing him]. 46 And he said to them, “Why are you sleeping? You need to get up and pray, so you will not fail your testing!”

Betrayal and arrest

47 Even while he was saying this, a crowd appeared, with Judas, one of the twelve [disciples] at the lead, and Judas approached him to embrace and kiss him. 48 But Jesus said, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss? [I can’t believe you would use a sign of love to show hate!]

Betrayal and arrest

49 When Jesus' followers saw what was about to happen, they said to him, “Let's fight with our swords,” 50 and then one of them struck the servant of the high priest with his sword and cut off his right ear. 51 And Jesus said, “No more!”, and he touched the man's ear and healed him.

52 And Jesus said to those who had come to him - the priests, Temple soldiers, and elders of the people, “Have you come as though I were a bandit, with swords and clubs? 53 Was I not with you daily in the Temple, and you never stretched out your hand to touch me there? But this is your hour[, Satan,] and the time for darkness [that God has allowed for his purpose].”

Peter’s denial

54 Then they seized him and led him away and took him to the high priest's house, and Peter followed at a distance. 55 And after they had started a fire in the middle of the yard and sat down huddled together, Peter came and sat down with them. 56 But there was a female servant who looked at him sitting by the fire and, studying his features, she said, “This man was with him!” 57 But Peter denied it, saying, “Woman, I don't even know him.”

Peter' denial

58 A little later, someone else said, “This man is one of them!” But Peter said, “Man, I am not.” 59 An hour later, another man strongly declared, “This man is definitely one of them, for you can tell he is a Galilean.” 60 Peter replied, “I don't even know what you are talking about!” While he was still talking, the rooster crowed.

61 The Lord then turned and looked at Peter, and Peter remembered what the Lord had declared, how he had said, “Before the rooster crows, you will deny me three times.” 62 And Peter left the scene and wept bitterly.

63 And the men that held Jesus made fun of him and beat him. 64 They blindfolded him, then asked him, “Prophesy now - who just hit you?” 65 And they said many other nasty things to him.

Jesus before Jewish Council

66 Just after the break of day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the experts in the Law gathered together [for an emergency meeting of the Sanhedrin - the ruling religious council of the Jews in Jerusalem]. They led him into their meeting, 67 and asked him, “Are you [claiming to be] the Anointed One? Tell us!” And Jesus answered, “If I tell you [the truth], you will not believe. 68 If I ask you questions [to prove who I am through the Scriptures], you will not answer. [But I will answer you anyway.] 69 After this time [of my execution and resurrection is completed], the Son of Man shall sit at the right hand of the power of God! [Psalm 110:1]

Jesus befoe Jewish Council

70 They replied, “So are you saying that you are the Son of God?” [For only the son of a ruler is appointed to sit at his right hand, representing his power and authority.] And he said to them, “You have said it [correctly]. [That’s who] I am!” [By using the words, “I am” (Exodus 3:14), Jesus was declaring he was God himself, which to them was a terrible affront to God.] 71 And they said, “Why do we need any further witnesses? We have heard him say it [that he is both God and the Anointed One] out of his own mouth!”

Luke Chapter 22 discussion questions

Discussion questions

1. Jesus was intensely desirous of sharing the Passover with his friends for a last time of fellowship before his death. How important is our regular observance of “holy communion” given that Jesus lives in our hearts all the time?

2. Jesus seemed focused on fulfilling all the scriptures that he knew applied to the Anointed One. Did he need to stage that fulfillment by posing the disciples as “lawless”, or was it fulfilled anyhow in verse 52.?

3. Why do you think God allowed the disciples to be tested and to fail in their test? Do you ever feel like you yourself are going through a time of testing? Why does God allow it?

4. Throughout his ministry, Jesus never directly declares he is the Anointed One or God’s son to the religious leaders or the people. Why does he do so now at his farce of a trial?

Luke Chapter 23

Luke Chapter 23

Jesus before Pilate

Then the entire council rose and led him before Pilate [the Roman governor]. They said to him, “We have found this man to be leading the nation astray, forbidding that the tribute tax should be given to Caesar, and calling himself "the Anointed One", a king. And Pilate[, not treating the accusation seriously,] asked Jesus, “Are you the king of the Jews?”. Jesus replied, “The words are yours.” So Pilate said to the chief priests and the rest of the group, “I find no crime [to accuse] in this man.”

Jesus before Pilate

But they became even more insistent, saying, “But he is stirring up all of Judea, from Galilee to this place!” When Pilate heard this, he asked if the man were a Galilean. As soon as he found out that his home location was within Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who happened to be in Jerusalem at the same time.

And Herod was glad to see Jesus because he had wanted for a long time to see him, having heard so much about him, and had hoped to see him perform a miracle. He asked Jesus many things, but Jesus didn't answer him. [Jesus knew the heart of men - Herod's questions must have been for the sensation of it rather than out of a sincere desire to know.]

10 And the chief priests and experts in the law stood and brought emphatic accusations against Jesus [about his claiming to be a king]. 11 So Herod and his soldiers treated Jesus like he was a fool and, making fun of him, dressed him up in a purple robe like a king, before they sent him back to Pilate. [Getting the joke,] 12 Pilate became friends with Herod that very day.

13 Then Pilate brought together the chief priest, the leaders, and the people themselves, 14 and said to them, “You have brought this man before me as one who leads the people astray, and I have examined him in front of you, and I find no offense in him concerning your accusations of him. 15 Neither has Herod, for I sent this man to him, and he found nothing worthy of death that he has committed. 16 Therefore, I will whip him and then release him.”

18 All at once the crowd screamed, “Away with this man! Release Barabbas to us!” 19 For Barabbas had been imprisoned for causing an uprising in the city and for murder. [There was a custom that the governor would release one criminal during the Feast for good will towards the Jews.] 20 Again, Pilate spoke to them, wishing to release Jesus.

21 But the crowd cried out, “Crucify! Crucify him!” 22 And Pilate responded a third time, “Why? What evil has he done? I have examined him, and he has done nothing deserving death! I will have him whipped and then I will release him.”

Jesus’ sentence and crucifixion

23 But the crowd was insistent and with loud voices demanded he be crucified. And they got their way. 24 So Pilate pronounced the sentence on Jesus just as they demanded. 25 He released to them from prison the one who had caused a riot and was a murderer [Barabbas], and gave Jesus to them to do with as they wished.

Jesus' sentence and crucifixion

26 As they led Jesus away, they grabbed ahold of a man named Simon, from Cyrene, just arrived from the countryside, and made him carry the cross, following behind Jesus. 27 A large crowd followed him, including women who wept and mourned for him.

28 But Jesus turned to them and said, “Women of Jerusalem, don't weep for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 For, mark my words, there are days coming when they will say, happy is the woman who was barren or could never give birth and who never nursed a baby. [It will be so terrible at that time,] 30 they will be saying to the mountains, fall on us, and to the hills, bury us alive [Hosea 10:8]. 31 If this is what they do to the green tree, what will they do to the dry? [Ezekiel 20:47] [If they kill the one who is rooted in and nourished by God, what will be the fate of all the others who don't even follow God?]

32 And there were also two criminals led to the same location to be put to death. 33 And when they came to the place called Golgotha [the skull], they nailed him to the cross, and the two criminals, one to the right of him and one to the left. 34 Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they don't understand what they are doing[, killing God's very son].” They divided up his clothes and cast lots to see who would get them.

35 And the people who stood watching, along with the leaders, mocked him, saying, “He saved others. Can't he save himself, if he is the Anointed One of God, the Chosen One?” 36 And the soldiers made fun of him too, coming over to him and offering him sour wine, 37 and saying, “If you are the king of the Jews, then save yourself.” 38 And also a sign was hung above him, with the words carved “This is the King of the Jews.”

39 And one of the criminals hanging next to him also mocked him, saying, “Are you [really] the Anointed One? Then save yourself and us too.” 40 But the other criminal said to him, “Don't you fear God? For we have received the same punishment as him, 41 but we have received it as a just sentence for what we did, and this man has done nothing to deserve it!” 42 And the man said to Jesus, “Remember me when you come into your kingdom [and become the ruler].” 43 Jesus[, already the ruler of his kingdom], replied, “I tell you the truth, [even] today you will be with me in Paradise [heaven][because you have believed].”

Death of Jesus

44 At this point, it was the sixth hour [noon] and darkness fell over all the land until the ninth hour [3 o'clock in the afternoon], 45 since the sun was darkened [like in an eclipse]. Then, the veil of the Temple was torn in two. [Jesus' death with his atonement for our sins removed the barrier between man and God.] 46 Then Jesus cried out with a loud voice and said, “Father, into your hands I trust my spirit”, and he breathed his last.

Death of Jesus

47 When the centurion [overseeing the crucifixion] saw what had happened, he praised God and said, “Surely this man was righteous!” 48 All who had gathered to watch [the crucifixion], saw all that happened, and went home beating their breasts [in guilt, recognizing that an evil and unjust thing had been done]. 49 And all his friends and the women who had followed him since [his days in] Galilee stood at a distance and observed all these things.

Jesus’ tomb and burial

50 Now, there was a man named Joseph, a member of the Jewish ruling council. He was both good and observant of the Law, 51 and he had not agreed with the council and their actions [against Jesus]. He was from the town of Arimathea, and he had been waiting for the coming of God's kingdom. 52 This man went to Pilate and asked to take possession of the body of Jesus. 53 He took the body down [from the cross], wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a tomb that had been cut from stone, and which had been used for no other man. 54 That day was the preparation day [Friday, when everything is done so no work will need to be done on the Sabbath], and the Sabbath was about to begin [at sundown on Friday].

Jesus' tomb and burial

55 And some of the women from Galilee followed closely behind Joseph and saw the tomb and how Jesus' body had been laid. 56 And they returned [to where they were staying] and prepared spices and ointments [for his burial] and then rested [all day Saturday] to observe the commandment [to keep the Sabbath holy].

Luke Chapter 23 discussion questions

Discussion questions

1. There are many ways that Jesus was mocked in the events of the crucifixion. Who mocked him and why? Do you think that was a sign of a spirit that was behind the crucifixion?

2. In spite of Jesus’ great pain and impending death, his heart seems to be focused on others. For whom does Jesus express concern during his crucifixion?

Luke Chapter 24

Luke Chapter 24

Empty tomb

Very early the next morning, which was the first day of the week [Sunday], the women came to the tomb, bringing the aromatic spices they had prepared [for anointing Jesus' body], and they found that the stone had been rolled away from [the entrance to] the tomb. They entered in but did not find the body of the Lord Jesus there. [According to John 20:2, Mary Magdalene at this point ran to tell Peter and John.]

Empty tomb

As they stood there dumbstruck, all at once two men stood there, and they wore shining garments. [Undoubtedly, they were angels.] As the women fearfully turned their faces away and towards the ground, the men said to them, “Why are you seeking for the living among the dead? He is not here, but he has risen! Do you remember how he told you, when you were still in Galilee, that the Son of Man must be turned over to sinful men, crucified, and on the third day he would rise again?” And then they did indeed remember Jesus' words.

The women returned from the tomb and told all of the eleven disciples what they had seen, as well as all the others who were there. 10 It was Mary Magdalene, Joanna, and Mary mother of James, and several others, who told the disciples these things. 11 And it seemed to the disciples like a silly story, and they didn't believe them. 12 But Peter got up, and ran all the way to the tomb, and looking in, saw the linen cloths by themselves [with no body], and then he left, wondering what had really happened.

[This paragraph summarizes and leaves out some details captured by the other Gospel accounts: 1) Mary Magdalene told Peter and John, who together ran to the tomb (John 20:4-10), 2) Mary Magdalene encountered the Lord at the tomb (John 20:11-18), 3) Then the other women reached eight of the disciples, since Mary Magdalene had told Peter and John separately.]

Encounter on road to Emmaus

13 That same day, two of Jesus' followers were walking to the town of Emmaus, about sixty stadia [seven miles] from Jerusalem, 14 and they were talking together about all the things which had happened. 15 And as they walked along, talking and discussing, Jesus himself joined them and traveled along with them, 16 but something kept their eyes from recognizing him.

Encounte on road to Emmaus

17 He asked them, “What is this conversation about that you were having as you were walking? And why are you standing there looking so sad?” 18 And one of the two, named Cleopas, answered him, “You must be a stranger to Jerusalem, if you don't know what happened in the last few days.”

19 And Jesus replied, “What things?” Cleopas answered, “The things that happened to Jesus of Nazareth, who was a prophet mighty in deed and word, before God and the people. 20 And how the chief priests and our lay leaders turned Jesus over to be condemned to death, and then crucified him. 21 And we had expected that he was the one who would redeem Israel! It's been three days since all these things happened.

22 “In addition to all that, some women from our group amazed us [with what they told us today]. They had gone early to his tomb 23 and his body was not there, so they came and told us. Angels also appeared to them and told them he was alive! 24 And some of our group[, Peter and John,] went to the tomb and found it just as the women said, but they didn't see him.” [Mary Magdalene also encountered the living Lord but this had not yet happened when the women told the group that included the two men now traveling with Jesus.]

25 And Jesus said to them, “You are foolish and slow to believe all that the prophets have written. 26 Don't [the scriptures tell us in Isaiah 53:12 and Daniel 9:26] the Anointed One had to suffer these things and then enter into his glory?” 27 And beginning with Moses and going through all the prophets, he explained to them all the scriptures about himself.

28 As they were approaching the village they were heading for, Jesus acted as though he intended to go farther. 29 But they prevailed on him, saying to him, “Stay with us. It's nearly evening and there is little daylight left.” So, he stayed and went in with them. 30 And while he was eating with them, he took the bread, broke it, and gave them some. 31 And their eyes were opened [possibly because of the way he broke and blessed the bread], but as soon as they recognized him, he disappeared from their sight.

32 And they said to each other, “Didn't our hearts burn within us, as he talked with us along the road, and opened up the scriptures to us?” 33 And they immediately got up, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, along with the other followers, 34 who told them, “The Lord has indeed risen and has appeared to Simon [Peter].” [In his resurrected body, Jesus had no trouble visiting multiple places in a short time.]

Appearance to disciples

Appearance to disciples

35 And so the two of them told of what had happened on the road, and how he became known to them in the breaking of the bread. 36 Even while they were still speaking, Jesus himself appeared among them and said, “Peace to you.” 37 Even so, they were startled and afraid, imagining they were seeing a ghost.

38 And he said to them, “Why are you so troubled, and why these imaginations in your mind? 39 Take a good look at my hands and feet. [You can see where the nails went through.] Touch me and see that I am real. A spirit does not have flesh and bones, as you see I have.” 40 With that, he showed them his hands and feet.

41 Though they were joyful and amazed, they were having a hard time believing [that it was really him]. So, he asked them, “Do you have anything here to eat?”, 42 and they gave him a piece of broiled fish, 43 which he ate in front of them.

Final words and commissioning

Final words and commissioning

44 Then he said to them, “These are the words that .I spoke to you when I was still with you[, before my death and resurrection], that everything must be fulfilled that was written about me by Moses [in the Torah, or first five books of the scriptures], the Prophets, and the Psalms.” 45 Then he opened their minds, so that they could understand the scriptures. 46 He said, “Thus it is written that the Anointed One would suffer and then rise again on the third day. [Jesus is likely referring to Hosea 6:1-2.]

47 “And in my name, you are to declare both repentance [changing your mind and your ways] and pardoning of sins to every people group, beginning with Jerusalem. 48 You are my witnesses. 49 See, I am sending what my Father has promised upon you, [the Holy Spirit,] but remain in the city until you are clothed with power from on high.”

50 And he led them out as far as Bethany, and he lifted his hands and blessed them. 51 While he blessed them, he departed from them and was carried up into the sky. 52 And they worshiped him and returned to Jerusalem, filled with joy. 53 And they spent all their time in the Temple, praising God.

Discussion questions

1. The Gospel accounts of what happened on the day of Jesus’ resurrection seem a hodge-podge of surprise, doubt, and amazement, with quite a bit of variation in what’s reported. Does that cause you to doubt what happened, or does that seem consistent with what you would expect with such an amazing event?

Luke Chapter 24 discusson questions

2. Why does Jesus seem so hard to recognize after he has risen from the dead? What do you think that encounter would have been like on the road to Emmaus? What have your encounters with the Lord been like?

3. Why was it so important to Jesus that all the disciples understand all the scripture references concerning the Anointed One and how Jesus had fulfilled all of them? Have you ever studied the scripture references to Jesus yourself?

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